Pirenópolis - Goiás

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The history of Pirenópolis is one of the most relevant of the State of Góias. The city was founded as a small village in 1727, when Manoel Rodrigues Tomás, head of a group of prospectors submitted to the pioneer Anhanguera and guided by Urbano do Couto Menezes, arrived in the region with the mission of discovering new gold deposits. The former Minas de Nossa Senhora do Rosario de Meia Ponte (name inspired by a flood that brought down part of the bridge of the Rio das Almas) became a prospector's camp and its growth was linked to this activity. The main workforce was made up of black and Indian slaves who still inhabited the region. It became a lawless land marked by authoritarianism, violence and tax evasion.

The first street of the city, was a link between an inn (at the exit to Vila Boa, today Goiás) and the gold panning, transported by the North Road, which passed inside the Bomsucesso Farm. The urban center developed around the Mother Church until the construction of the Bonfim and Carmo Churches, which attracted houses to their surroundings. Between 1830 and 1834, the city hosted the first newspaper of the state of Goiás, called Matutino Meia Pontense.

In the second half of the eighteenth century, the growth of Pirenópolis was paralyzed due to the crisis of gold exploitation. In 1800 there is a recovery of the economy, leveraged by agriculture (mainly cotton), livestock and trade. Despite changes in the region's trade routes from 1850, the growth of the urban center goes back to the late 19th century, when the city underwent a period of economic and cultural stability.

In 1890, its official name became Pirenópolis, a tribute to the Pyrenees Mountain, which surrounds the whole city. The mountain, in turn, was named after the mountain range that separates France from Spain.

Keeping its original features and traditions preserved and intact, Pirenópolis was declared by the (IPHAN) Institute of National Historical Heritage in 1988. The city, nicknamed the "Capital of the Silver", "Cradle of the Goiana Press", "Athens of Góias" "and" Paris-nopolis ", among others, has its economy today based on crafts and tourism. "Pedra-de-Pirenópolis" is used in civil construction for coverings and floors and decorates streets and houses of the city.
Official language
Main tourist attractions
Natural attractions
Pirenópolis is surrounded by hills with beautiful belvederes and at the foot of the Pyrenees Mountain where many streams are born that form beautiful waterfalls. The city holds the largest number of protected areas in the state of Goiás, 9 in all.

Waterfalls and ecological reserves
One of the main attractions of Pirenópolis is the waterfalls. Surrounded by mountains, the municipality is graced by dozens of waterfalls shrouded in woods and scrubland.

The Pyrenees Mountain
Place of extreme beauty where the Pyrenees Park is located and offers lookouts, springs and the rare vegetation of cerrado rupestre.

Stone Town
Distant 51 km from Pirenópolis, this attraction has no tourist infrastructure yet, but it is a scenery of spectacular beauty. There are 500 hectares of ruiniform quartzite geological formations, considered the largest in Brazil. Access and on-site trails are difficult. You are advised to consult a local agency or tour guide, both accredited.
What to do
To make all the itineraries that Pirenópolis offers, it takes several days.
Pirenópolis Waterfalls are known worldwide. There are dozens of waterfalls around the city where the tourist can spend the day.
Many of them have infrastructure with bathrooms, restaurants, handicraft shops, etc.

Ecotourism itineraries
Pirenópolis is a small town surrounded by greenery, hills and waterfalls. The nature reserves contain waterfalls, peaks, lookouts, woods and cerrados.

Cultural Historical Tours
Historical city with a vast heritage, its center is a true open air museum. Walking the streets of Pirenópolis is to contemplate an almost intact 18th century city. They are churches, colonial mansions and museums. The local arts and crafts shops and the abundant and varied cuisine make up the cultural scene. Not to mention folk festivals and events.

The main places of visit are the Mother Church, Bonfim Church, Pirenopolis Theater, Right Street, Bonfim Street, Aurora Street, Rosario Street, Cavalhadas Museum, Pompey Family Museum, Bridge over the River of Souls, House of Chamber and Jail, Carmo Church, Suspension Bridge Dona Benta, the ruins of the 18th century gold panning and the Babylon Farm.

Adventure Tourism
An excellent option for people seeking different sensations with nature is to participate in adventure activities. In Pirenópolis, you can practice rappelling, hiking, zip lines, tubing, rafting, mountain biking, tree climbing, horseback riding and lots of nature.

Pedagogical Tourism
Pirenópolis stands out in Pedagogical Tourism for being a city focused on historical, cultural and environmental heritage. There are several places for history, architecture, environment, ecology, geography, geology, folklore, gastronomy and tourism classes. Special itineraries for schools and universities.
Sub-humid tropical with two well-defined seasons: the rainy season, which runs from October to March, and the dry season, which runs from April to September. The municipality, being part mountainous, maintains some climatic variations due to the altitudes. With a mountain range flanking the eastern part of the municipality in a south-north direction, it partly blocks the humid southeast currents of strong maritime influence. It receives, due to this relief formation, mainly during the rainy season, moisture coming from the north-northwest, of Amazonian origin. The prevailing winds are southeast, which reach over the mountains. There may be gusts of north wind during the rainy season. The most critical periods are September / October when the drought is strong and the sun begins to warm, and between February and March, when the humidity is very high and begins to cool.
Because it is a tourist city, one of the main gastronomic centers of Goiás, has representatives of local, regional and international cuisine. Considered as the cradle of Goiás culture, due to being one of the first cities of Goiás, it has a local cuisine represented by the typical dishes such as rice with pequi, mush, pot pie, guariroba, pestle paçoca, greengrocers and sweets. Within the Brazilian regional gastronomy we find in Pirenópolis the Minas Gerais, Bahia, Carioca, Northeastern, etc. And in international cuisine, we have French, Italian, Arabic, Portuguese etc. For these reasons Pirenópolis has become a gastronomic tourist destination, whose strong point is the Gastronomic and Cultural Festival that takes place every year during the month of June.

Pirenópolis has a great restaurant network and is considered as the most important gastronomic tourist center of Goiás. There are dozens of options ranging from traditional to international. Some restaurants have highly regarded chefs in the market.

Regional Cuisine
In addition to the typical regional cuisine presented in the city's restaurants and candy and cookie shops, Pirenópolis shows in popular parties and family gatherings exclusive delicacies that carry a part of the people's cultures.
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