Greece

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Greece
Greece is a country in southern Europe whose capital Athens is the largest city.
Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, West Asia and Africa, and shares land borders with Albania in the northwest, Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria in the north, and Turkey in the northeast.
The country is made up of nine geographical regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete and the Ionian Islands.
The Aegean Sea to the east of the continent, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Greece has the longest coastline in the Mediterranean Basin and the longest coast in the world, with a large number of islands (about 1,400 of which 227 are inhabited). Eighty percent of Greece is made up of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest at 2,917 m (9,570 ft).
Greece is considered the cradle of all Western civilization. As such, it is the cradle of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, literature, Western historiography, political science, great scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including tragedy and comedy.
Greece's cultural and technological achievements have greatly influenced the world, with many aspects of Greek civilization being transmitted to the East through the campaigns of Alexander the Great, and to the West through the Roman Empire. This rich legacy is partly reflected in the UNESCO World Heritage. The modern Greek state, which comprises most of the historical core of Greek civilization, was created in 1830 after the Greek War of Independence of the Ottoman Empire.
Official language
Greek
Currency
Euro
Documentation
As a European Community country, the documentation required for travel to Greece varies by country of origin.
For citizens of the European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein just have a valid passport or photo ID.
Coming from a country other than those listed above, the maximum stay in Greece is 90 days.
There are countries whose citizens are required to have a valid tourist visa in order to enter Greece.
Given the various conditions required for entry into Greece, it is suggested that you contact the Embassy or Consulate in the visitor's country of residence to verify these requirements before commencing your trip.
Tourism
Greece is a beautiful country characterized by its mountainous landscapes, its incredible climate, its many islands, its long sandy beaches and much more.
Greece, one of the richest historical and cultural countries in the world. The ancient Greek civilization left to humanity a multitude of palaces, temples, monuments, theaters and other buildings. In the museums of Greece we can see an infinite amount of sculptures, paintings and other artistic elements created in Ancient Greece. To the culture of the region is added the natural beauty of the islands and mainland Greece. Beauty and culture come together for those who choose Greece as a tourist route.

Greece's main tourist and cultural sights:

In athens
- Acropolis of Athens
- Agora of Athens
- Temple of Olympian Zeus
- National Archaeological Museum
- Athens National Historical Museum
- Athens Academy of Arts
- Athens Metropolitan Cathedral
- Mount Licabeto
- Byzantine and Christian Museum
- Panaghia Kapnikarea Church
- Syntagma Square

In Salonica
- White Tower
- Arch of Galerius
- Church of Saint Demetrius
- Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
- Aristotle Square
- St. Sophia Square

In Patras
- Port of Patras
- Archaeological Museum of Patras
- Apollon Theater
- Agios Andreas Cathedral
- Monument to the Greek Revolution
- Central Square of Patras

In Larissa
- Larissa Old Theater
- Ancient Agora of Larissa
- Archaeological Museum
- Byzantine Museum
- Katsigras Museum
- Museum of History and Folklore
Gastronomy
Greek cuisine is surely one of the highest standards of Mediterranean cuisine with Italian, Balkan and Turkish influences. Its preparation is simple and high quality raw materials are used.
Greek cuisine has four secrets: fresh ingredients, proper use of spices and herbs, famous olive oil and simplicity.
Thanks to its climate and its geographical position along the Mediterranean, Greece has the privilege of producing very tasty ingredients. Most vegetables are grown naturally and thus preserve more aroma and flavor. Every dish of Greek cuisine uses herbs and spices, harvested from the mountains and the countryside, and are famous for their strong, even-from-the-distance aroma and taste. Delighting in one of the many Greek dishes, the smell of oregano, mint, cinnamon, rosemary surrounds us and makes the food much more palatable.
The most tasty and well-known Greek specialties are moussaca (eggplants accompanied by lamb meat and seasoned with cinnamon and red wine) and avgolemono (rice with chicken, eggs with lemon juice). Also noteworthy are roast meats and dishes made with fish or seafood. Dishes usually include starters such as keftedes (spicy meat balls) or tzatziki, a yogurt, cucumber and dill sauce. For dessert, among others, are baklavas: a puff pastry with honey, vanilla and almonds.
Greek salads are famous internationally. They are fresh and easy to make. They do not lack olive oil, tomatoes, cucumbers and feta cheese, which is possibly the best known product in the country. It is also very common to add to these salads the famous Greek olives.
Within the Greek gastronomic tradition we also find two typical drinks of the country: retsina, made with pine nuts and ouzo, an anise drink that becomes dark when adding water.
Weather
The climate in Greece is predominantly Mediterranean. However, due to the unique geography of the country, Greece has a remarkable array of micro climates and local variations. To the west of the Pindo mountain range, the climate is generally humid and has some maritime characteristics. The east of the Pindo mountain range is usually drier and windier in summer. The highest peak is Mount Olympus at 9570 feet (2,916.9 m) high. Areas in northern Greece have a transitional climate between the continental and the Mediterranean climate. Mountainous areas have an alpine climate.
Security
Most visits to Greece are hassle-free, but wallet and purse theft are common in the metro and crowded tourist places. Leave valuables in a safe place in the hotel or apartment. At least the same level of personal safety awareness should be maintained as in any major city. There were some racially motivated attacks, especially in the downtown areas.
Health
The health care system in Greece is similar to that of the European Community countries, has the European Health Insurance system and has a modern hospitals. If you are from a country that has a CESD card, you are entitled to free and complete emergency medical treatment.
Telecommunications and Electricity
Phones

In Greece you can call from the public payphones on the streets or from the telephone booths available at the post offices.
Most payphones work with a calling card, which can be easily purchased.
There are also payphones that work with credit / debit card (Visa type).
Mobile phones may be used provided roaming has been enabled in the country of origin.

Internet
Greece is well served by internet services, there are several cyber cafes with high speed connections.
In case you have a laptop or notebook, there are numerous cafes that offer the free wifi connection.

Electricity

220/240 volts AC, 50 Hz.
Other tourist destinations in:
Greece
Corfu - Ionian Islands
Crete - Greece
Island of Milos
Mykonos - Greece
Santorini
Thasos Island
Zakynthos - Ionian Islands
Athens
Chios, North Aegean Islands
Meteora, Greece
Lefkada, Ionian Islands
Páros & Antiparous, Cyclades Islands
Samos, North Aegean Islands

Other world tourist destinations

Tuscany
Italy
Israel
Israel
Hungary
Hungary
Bonaire
Bonaire St Eustatius and Saba

City destinations and weekend getaways

Valladolid
Spain
Frankfurt
Germany
Prague - Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Rome Italy
Italy
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